Six new research projects were approved by the Academic Committee in January 1998:
Antisemitic Violence in Hungary during the Period of Political Radicalization and the “White Terror” (1919)
Dr Avigdor Löwenheim, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Using a recently available collection of testimonies, the study will analyze the different types of anti-Jewish violence carried out by the mob organized by Hungarian officers under Admiral Horthy. Legal reports and accounts from local newspapers will be used to round out the picture of these events. An assessment will be made of the impact of the Hungarian Bolshevik revolution and the anti-Jewish “White Terror” on relations between Hungarians and Jews during the 1930s and the Hungarian antisemitic policy.
Extreme Right, Xenophobia, and Antisemitism in Spain (1931–1982): The Political Use of the “Conspiracy Theory”
Dr José L. Rodríguez Jiménez, Complutense University, Madrid
Spain has experienced two processes of transition to democratic regimes during the twentieth century — in 1931, with the proclamation of the Second Republic, and after General Franco’s death in 1975. In both cases, the “conspiracy theory” was used to discredit and subvert the path to democracy. The research will focus on the Spanish extreme Right discourse of tensions and dangers based on the antisemitic myth of a world Jewish conspiracy.
Research Projects in Progress
Dr. Jean Ancel, Antisemitism vs. Nationalism — Romania 1942
Dr. Olaf Blaschke, Jews and Catholics in the German Empire
Dr. Jacob Borut, Antisemitism in Jewish Everyday Life in the Weimar Republic
Prof. Benjamin Braude, The Image of the Jew in the Literature of Eastern Travel, 1350–1650: Power and the Transition to Antisemitism
Dr. Patrick Anthony Cavaliere, Antisemitism in Fascist Italy: The Intellectual Origins of the Racial Laws of 1938
Dr. Silvia Cresti, The Perception and Discussion of Antisemitism in Jewish Periodicals during the Weimar Republic
Dr. Daniel Gutwein, Antisemitism in England 1882–1914: Economic and Political Factors
Dr. Brian Horowitz, Russian-Jewish Interaction, 1880–1913: Cultural Cooperation in an Epoch of Antisemitism
Prof. Melinda Jones, The Role of Law in Over- coming Antisemitism in Australia
Dr. Anthony Kauders, Democracy and Antisemitism in Munich, 1945–1965
Dr. Nissim Kazaz, Arab Nationalism and the Attitude toward Jews in Modern Iraq
Dr. Andras Kovacs, Antisemitism in Con- temporary Hungary
Prof. Jacob Kovalio, Between Idealization and Demonization: The Boom of “Jewish Books” in Japan
Prof. James Mueller, Jews and Judaism in Early Christian Literature
Andrei Oisteanu, The Image of the Jew in Romanian Traditional Culture
Dr. Nora Strejilevich, The Construction of Antisemitic Discourse in Contemporary Argentina: 1974–1994
Dr. Anna Szalai, Jewish Characters in Hungarian Literature of the Nineteenth Century
Dr. Victor Shnirelman, The Myth of the Khazars and Intellectual Antisemitism in Russia, 1970s–1990s
Dr. Leon Volovici, Project Coordinator, Antisem- itism in Public Discourse in Post-Communist Eastern European Societies, with Dr. Andras Kovacs, Prof. Wolf Moscovich, Dr. Gheorge Voicu, and Dr. Paul Zawadski
Research Projects Completed
Dr. Gila Fatran, Antisemitism in Slovakia, 1848–1918
Dr. Kay Knittel, Vienna’s Antisemitic Legacy: Our Image of Gustav Mahler
Dr. Slawomir Tokarsky, The Evolution of Jewish Economics and Political Mobilization of the Peasantry, Antisemitism in Galicia 1868–1914
The following titles have been published by researchers of the Center:
Simon Epstein, Histoire du people Juif au XXe siècle. De 1914 à nos jours (Paris: Hachette, 1998. A new and original survey of contemporary Jewish history including the story of Zionism and the State of Israel, questioning some traditional approaches to antisemitism and to the Jewish response to it.
Dalia Ofer and Lenore J. Weitzman, eds., Women in the Holocaust (New Haven, Conn. and London: Yale University Press, 1998). The special problems and particular vulnerabilities of Jewish women during the Holocaust, as well as their unique responses and changing roles is examined in this pathbreaking collection of articles by notes scholars and survivors.
Mihail Sebastian, Jurnal 1935–1944 (Bucharest: Humanitas, 1997); French tr., Paris: Stock, 1998; German tr., in preparation), ed. Gabriela Omat, with Introduction and Notes by Leon Volovici. The diary of a well-known Jewish Romanian writer in the most dramatic period in the history of the Romanian Jewish community. Sebastian provides testimony on the antisemitic trends among the Romanian elite, the anti-Jewish policy of the Antonescu regime, and the everyday life of Romanian Jews in these years.
Felix Posen Fellowships
Manfred Böcker, a Felix Posen Fellow, has received his doctoral degree from the Westfalische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany. His dissertation was on The Antisemitism of the Radical Right during the Spanish Second Republic (1931–1936)
Ido Basok (Hebrew University), Youth Movements among Polish Jews in the Interwar Period
Achim Detmers (Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany), Calvin, Reformation, and Judaism
Eva-Maria Kaffanke (Kunsthistorisches Institut der Universität Bonn, Germany), The German Redeemer. Representations of Christ around 1900 in a “Völkisch” Context
Albert Kaganovitch (Hebrew University), The Attitude of the Czarist Administration to the Bucharan Jews and their Legal Status in Turkestan, 1868–1917
Richard Steigman-Gall (University of Toronto), “The Holy Reich”: Protestantism and the Nazi Movement, 1920–1945
Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu (Jassy University, Romania), Religious Conversion and Cultural Integration within Romanian Society at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century
Seminars on Research
(October 1997–July 1998)
Semyon Goldin, “The Russian Army Policy of Expelling the JPopulation, 1914–1915”
Dr. Jonathan Judaken, “Jean-Paul Sartre and the ‘Jewish Question’: The Politics of Engagement and the Image of ‘The Jew’ in Sartre’s Thought, 1930–1980”
Daniel Romanovsky, “Russian-Jewish Relations during the Holocaust—Stereotypes and Stances: The Case of Belarus”
Prof. Judith Deutsch Kornblatt, “Russian-Jewish Christians: Between Antisemitism and Identity”
Dr. Anthony Kauders, “Antisemitism and the Jews in Postwar Germany, 1945–1965: The Case of Munich”
Dr. Nissim Kazaz, “Arab Nationalism and Relations with the Jews in Iraq”
Three evening discussions marked the publication of important new books.
November 27, 1997
Nazi Germany and the Jews, by Saul Friedländer. Participants included Yehuda Bauer, Dalia Ofer, Dov Kulka, and Robert Wistrich, with a response by the author
March 16, 1998
Mihail Sebastian, Jurnal 1935–1944, with an introduction and notes by Leon Volovici. A debate on Romanian intellectual antisemitism in the interwar period. Participants: A. B. Yaffe, Moshe Idel, Dalia Ofer, and Leon Volovici.
March 29, 1998
“The Expected and the Surprising in the Damascus Affair (1840)” marked the publication of The Damascus Affair: “Ritual Murder,” Politics, and the Jews in 1840, by Jonathan Frankel. The evening was co-sponsored by the Zalman Shazar Center and the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism. Participants included Shmuel Almog, Jonathan Frankel, Richard I. Cohen, and Daniel Gutwein.